Use of concentrated beams of light to permanently remove unwanted hair. Best candidates for the procedure have very fair skin and very dark hair.
An enzyme that accelerates the hydrolysis, or synthesis of fats.
A molecular structure composed of hydrophilic and hydro- phobic components.
A type of white blood cell; a component of the immune system produced by stem cells in the bone marrow. 2. Type of white blood cell which is important to the immune system for its ability to digest foreign invaders.
A molecule secreted by an activated or stimulated lymphocyte that causes physiological changes in certain other cells.
substances that, when released by cytotoxic or killer T cells, cause cell lysis.
1. cytoplasmic, membrane-bounded organelle that contains digestive and hydrolytic enzymes, which are typically most active at the acid pH found in the lumen of lysosomes. 2. cell organ- elle that digests foreign matter considered potentially threatening to the body.
an enzyme capable of dissolving and digesting many types of biochemicals.
Art or teaching of techniques for using cosmetics appropriate to an individual's skin type, style, and age.
Manipulation of tissues, usually manually, to improve health and well-being by relaxing muscles, relieving tension, and improving circulation.
Any facility, usually a day spa, that offers both medical treatments and spa therapies.
Destination or day spa that offers traditional and complementary medical services supervised or administered by medical professionals. A spa may specialize in diagnostic testing, preventive care, cosmetic procedures, or a combination.
Practice of using mental skills to perform such feats as focusing attention on a single object for a long period of time; cultivating compassion, which involves the transforming of negative events; and creating a state of pure awareness of thoughts, emotions, and sensations without reacting. Meditation is said to increase emotional well-being and is being studied for alleged benefits to physical health.
A phago- cytic cell type in vertebrates that performs crucial functions in the immune response and inflammation, such as presenting antigenic epitopes to T cells and producing several cytokines.
A branch of the trigeminal nerve (fifth cranial nerve) that supplies the muscles and skin of the lower part of the face; also, nerve that affects the muscles of the chin and lower lip; carries sensory data from the mandible.
A pathway used as an inter- mediate signal as part of the DNA signaling cascade.
Type of cell in various tissues that releases pharmacologi- cally active substances with a role in inflammation.
A protein that initiates part of the cellular division known as mitosis. Specifically, it initiates the prophase of mitosis and also functions in the process of mitosis by activating other proteins through the mechanism of phosphorylation, that is, it adds phosphorus to the protein, thereby making it an active protein.
A branch of the trigeminal nerve (fifth cranial
nerve) the carries sensory data from the maxilla; supplies the upper part of the face.
Circular or ovoid structures with a distinct connective tissue capsule that transmit touch, pressure, and cold.
Cells that produce pigment granules/melanin in the basal layer of the epidermis.
A hormone that stimulates melanocytes to make melanin.
The process of making the pigment melanin inside the melanocyte.
Pigment granules of melanocyte cells that produce melanin in the basal layer; provides skin's colors.
In living organisms, a phospholipid bilayer impregnated with protein and certain other compounds that is differentially permeable.
Programmed to recognize and respond to a
pathogen once it has been invaded and been repelled.
See hederi; form endings.
Embryonic connective tissue
The third germ layer, formed in the gastrula between the ectoderm and endoderm; gives rise to connective tissues, muscle, urogenital and vascular systems, and the peritoneum. This tissue from the mesoderm is called mesochymal tissue.
Rate at which a body burns up fuel and transforms it into energy.
Facial exfoliation procedure in which the top layer of skin is abraded away with ultrafine crystals of aluminum oxide or other ingredients. Microdermabrasion improves and smoothes the skin's surface and can minimize imperfections like blemishes, fine lines, and signs of sun damage.
Protein strands made of actin; responsible for cell movement and cell shape.
Tiny, cylindrical- shaped tubes composed of a protein called tubulin; its major function is to separate chromosomes during cellular division.
In eucaryotes, sub- cellular organelles that conduct cellular respiration and produce most of the ATP in aerobic
respiration (oxidative phosphorylation).
Nuclear cells dividing of a cell into two new cells called daughter cells; the usual process of cell production of human tissues.
Large white blood cells or leukocytes, which travel the bloodstream neutralizing pathogens; become phagocytic cells (macro- phages) after moving into tissues.
A cell capable of multiple divisions, also known as a stem cell.
A neuron or nerve that carries an impulse away from the brain or spinal cord to the muscles and organs.
Membrane-lining passages and cavities
communicating with the air. Consists of a surface layer of epithelium, a basement membrane, and an underlying layer of connective
tissue. Mucus-secreting cells or glands usually are present in the epithelium but may be absent.
Tissue that is able to contract and conduct electrical impulses.
Fatty material forming the medul- lary sheath of nerve fibers.
enzyme used in the killing action of neutrophiles.
a large protein of contractile tissue that forms the thick myofilaments of striated muscle. During contraction, it combines with actin to form actomyosin.
A highly specialized tissue used to transport signals to other organs and coordinate all bodily functions.
Early nerve tissue in the embryo.
A layer of the ectoderm germ layer; provides most of the central nervous system.
An intermediate filament found in nerve cells.
Glial cells provide support and nutrition to the tissues.
A nerve cell; basic unit of the nervous system, consisting of a cell body, nucleus, dendrites, and axon.
1. Most abundant of polymorphonuclear leukocytes; an important phagocyte; so-called because it stains with both acidic and basic. 2. phagocytic white blood cells.
Membrane surrounding the nucleus of eucaryotic cells.
a deeply stain- ing body within the nucleus of a cell and containing RNA; nucleoli (plural) are specialized portions of certain chromosomes that carry multiple copies of the information to synthesize ribosomal RNA.
The dense, active pro- toplasm found in the center of a eukaryotic cell that acts as the genetic control center; plays an important role in cell reproduction and metabolism.
An agency responsible for workplace safety and health.
A branch of the trigeminal nerve that carries only sensory fibers; supplies the skin of the forehead, upper eyelids, and interior portion of the scalp, orbit, eyeball, and nasal passage.
A body within the cyto- plasm of eukaryotic cells. There are
several different types of organ- elles, each with a specialized
function, such as the chloroplast, which functions in photosynthesis.
Food produced with the exclusive use of feed or fertilizer of plant or animal origin and without the use of chemicals in any fashion, including growth hormones, pesticides, fertilizers.
Any living thing, plant, or animal. May be unicellular (bacteria, yeasts, protozoa) or multicellular (all complex organisms including man).
human body fluids
including, but not limited to, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, amniotic fluid, and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids.
Treatment that involves oxygen and other nutrients being applied or sprayed onto the face. Said to reduce the signs of aging.
Elastin-type fiber found in the dermis that contains only microfibrils and is 10–12nm in diameter.
A protein that binds to cyclin and CdK blocking entry into the S phase.
A tumor-suppressor protein with critical functions in normal cells. A mutation in the gene that encodes it, p53, can result in loss of control over cell division and, thus, cancer.
A sensory receptor in skin, muscles, body joints, body organs, and tendons that is involved with the vibratory sense and firm pressure on the skin; also called a lamellated corpuscle.
Heated paraffin wax is brushed over the body to soothe muscles and, by drawing out the dirt, removing the dead skin, and drawing out perspiration through the head, leave skin clean and soft.
A major functional division of the autonomic nervous system. It operates under normal nonstressful situations, such as resting, and helps to restore calm and balance to the body after a stressful event.
Also known as PETA. Preferred cosmetics, such as jane iredale®, utilize NO ANIMAL TESTING for the production and/or testing of their products, and are labeled cruelty-free to animals.
A microorganism or sub- stance capable of producing disease.
Specialized clothing or equipment designed for use by an employee in order to minimize, reduce, or eliminate the risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens and other hazards. Examples include, but are not limited to,
disposable latex or nitrile exam gloves, disposable sleeves, disposable aprons, and face and eye protection.
Any cell that engulfs and devours microorganisms or other particles (process known as phagocytosis).
Compounds that contain fatty acid and phosphoric acid groups.
One of the two proteins that make up the plaques in the cell membrane.
Located in the cell membrane; made up of two proteins: desmoplakin and plakoglobin.
Growth regulatory cytokines thought to be responsible for initiating proliferation of fibroblasts and other connective tissue cells.
At the start of the blood cell line, this cell is programmed to form all the other cells in the blood stream.
Part of the blood cell line and formed from the basophilic normoblast, this cell (9 to 12 microns diameter) starts to make hemoglobin, but can no longer divide.
Prenatal massage is massage therapy that is especially tailored to an expectant mother's demands. Prenatal massage is different from a regular massage because it demands that a new mother's body has to be positioned as well as supported in the right way; this is achieved by utilizing pillows and some padding.
An inactive form of chymotropic enzyme found in the lamellar bodies of the stratum granulosum.
Part of the blood cell line, formed from the division of the hemocytoblast, this cell (20 microns) continues to divide and forms the basophilic normoblasts.
chains of amino acid molecules used in cell functions and body growth; a macromolecule of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and at times, sulfur and phosphorus.
A complex enzyme that catalyze the phosphorylation of tyrosine residues. There are 91 of identified PTK enzymes which are involved in cellular signaling pathways, regulate key cell functions such as proliferation, differentiation, anti- apoptotic signaling and neurite outgrowth. Unregulated activation of these enzymes, through mechanisms such as point mutations or over-expression, can lead to various forms of cancer as well as benign proliferative conditions. The importance of PTKs in health and disease is further underscored by the existence of aberrations in PTK signaling occurring in inflammatory diseases and diabetes. In short, this is a very important enzyme that activates other enzymes.
A special class of glycoprotiens found in the
extracellular substance. They vary in size depending on the glycosaminogly- can chains attached to them.
The act of breaking the desmosomal bonds of connecting proteins.
A special protein on a cells surface or within the cell that binds to specific ligands.
A protein on the cell membrane or within the cytoplasm or cell nucleus that binds to a specific molecule (a ligand), such as a neurotransmitter, hormone, or other substance, and initiates the cellular response.
Critical to the auto- nomic nervous system (ANS), there are two parts of the reflex arc: the sensory (afferent) arm and the motor (efferent or effector) arm.
Introduced as zone therapy to the West in 1913 by Dr. William Fitzgerald, reflexology is based on ancient techniques that use pressure-point massage, usually on the feet but also on the hands and ears, to restore the flow of energy throughout the body. Practitioners believe that areas on feet and hands correspond to other areas throughout the body. Used to relieve symptoms of such conditions as back pain, migraines, arthritis, sleep disorders, injuries, and stress.
Process that uses oxygen in the killing action of neutrophils.
Part of the blood cell line, formed from the acidophilic normoblast,this cell (8 microns in diameter) contains mitochondria.
Small dense organelles that assemble proteins in cells.
Common facial skin disorder characterized by redness on the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead; small visible blood vessels on the face, bumps, or pimples, and water or irritated eyes that usually affects people over 30.
The ability of the plasma membrane to let some substances in and keep others out; permeable to small molecules, usually H2O, O2, and CO2, but not per- meable to larger molecules or ions.
A plan for avoiding potential exposure to contaminated fluids and for dealing with it should exposure occur.
Medicinal herb taken in tablet, brewed as tea, or used as ointment believed by some to relieve mild to moderate depression. May be counter-indicated for anyone on antidepressant medication or who is photosensitive or allergic.
Body treatment using concentrated seawater and seaweed that contains nutrients including minerals, rare trace elements, vitamins, and proteins. Said by proponents to detoxify, increase circulation, and improve appearance of cellulite.
A cell arrested in G1 that cannot advance or go backward and in some cases is destroyed; a major cause of aging.
Nerve that carries impulses or mes- sages from the sense organs to the brain, where sensations of touch, cold, heat, sight, hearing, taste, smell, pain, and pressure are experienced.
Any object that can penetrate the skin, including, but not limited to, needles, razors, scissors, and broken glass.
Term originally meaning “health through water.” Today it most often refers to day spas or destination spas, where clients can find a wide range of treatments.
Water treatments provided in a spa.
Reproductive cells, usually unicellular, produced by plants and some protozoa. Bacterial spores are difficult to destroy because high temperatures are required to destroy them, and they are very resistant to heat.
Indoor cycling on stationary bikes that allow riders to adjust resistance to make pedaling easier or harder. Class instructors guide students through a virtual hilly course and cue students about adjusting resistance.
A widely recognized and utilized method of infection control. Under Standard Precautions all blood, other
body fluids, secretions, excretions (except sweat), non-intact skin, mucous membranes, dried blood, saliva, and any other body substance are considered contaminated and/or infectious.
A cell capable of multiple divisions, also known as the mother cell.
The act of using a physical or chemical procedure to
destroy all forms of microbial life, including highly resistant bacterial spores.
An unstable, reactive single oxygen atom.
Inhibits the pro- duction of cytotoxic cells once they are no longer needed so they do not cause more damage than necessary.
Classical European massage technique manipulating muscles with the use of massage oils and five different movements: long strokes, kneading, tapping, friction, and vibration. Used to soothe tense muscles, increase circulation and flexibility, and de-stress.
The part of the autonomic nervous system which is stimulated by activity and prepares the body for stressful situations, such as running from a dangerous situation or competing in a sports event.
Type of lymphocyte with a vital regulatory role in immune response; so called because they are processed through the
thymus. Subsets of T cells may be stimulatory or inhibitory. They
communicate with other cells by protein hormones called cytokines.
Fragments produced by damaged DNA, triggering release of MSH, which can then bind to
melanocytes to produce melanin.
Region of actual fusion of cell membranes between two adjacent cells.
The time it takes for cells to move through the epidermal stages of growth.
The main sensory nerve of the face having three major branches.
An infectious disease, chronic in nature and capable of affecting the lungs, although it may occur in almost any part of the body. The causative agent is mycobacterium tuberculosis
(the tubercle bacillus). The most common mode of transmission is the inhalation of infected droplet nuclei.
A protein that forms parts of the microtubules.
An agency charged with protecting human health as well as air, water, and land.
An agency responsible for safety regulation of foods, dietary supplements, medical related items, veterinary items and cosmetics.
Membrane-bound compartments within some eukaryotic cells that can serve a variety of secretory, excretory, and storage functions.
Vegetarian who eats no dairy products or any other food derived from animals.
One who eats only fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, and sometimes eggs or dairy products.
A proteoglycan found in the dermis, provides the turgor and tautness to the skin by interacting with the elastin and the hyaluronic acid.
An intermediate filament found in fibroblasts.
Depilation process that involves application of warm wax followed by a strip of cloth quickly pulled away from skin to remove unwanted hair.
Use of free weights or weight machines in a series of repetitive exercises meant both to tone the body and add or replace lean muscle mass and also to raise metabolism.
An individual's state of being that signifies positive health and quality of life, including physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional components.
(leukocyte) Blood cells responsible for the body’s defense mechanisms. They act by destroying disease-causing germs. Also called white corpuscles or leukocytes.
Ancient art and philosophy that involves both mind and body and is aimed at self-development and self-realization. The physical practice of yoga involves performing postures (asanas) and using controlled breathing and meditation to stretch and tone the body and improve circulation.
Japanese teaching with origins in ancient China whose belief is that the only path to enlightenment is through direct, intuitive insight-by focusing solely on your essential nature.
Diploid cell produced by the fusion of an egg and sperm; fertilized egg cell.