What makes you look old? I once heard a anti-aging expert say he thought brown spots and brown patches on the skin make you look older. He even gave an example of how the women from “Desperate Housewives” look younger than they are because their skin is even colored and even toned. This is true. Brown spots and brown patches on the skin are called hyperpigmentation. Generally speaking this hyperpigmentation usually results from some type of trauma the skin has endured and it could even come from sun damage you received as a child.
Other causes include hormone fluctuations (referred to as Melasma) or some surface irritations (i.e. acne, allergies, shaving, and even friction of clothing rubbing an area). The following are some things you can do to help eliminate this hyperpigmentation. First the skin needs gentle exfoliation. Notice I said “gentle” because you do not want to further traumatize the skin. Also, I do not recommend any of the over-the-counter exfoliating scrubs using crushed nut shells for they can actually cause abrasions.
Next, it is beneficial to use a retinoid at home to increase cell turnover. Personally, I like a retinol as it is a more gentle vitamin A. Then incorporate a tyrosinase inhibitor in your skin care regimen to help suppress the melanocyte activity which produces the brown spots and patches. Some effective tyrosinase inhibitors are hydroquinone, kojic acid, lactic acid, ascorbic acid, azaelic acid,arbutin, rumex crispus root, mulberry root or white mulberry tree, and licorice root. And finally, use UV protection every day. Choose a broad spectrum UVA/UVB sun protection and I recommend wearing protective clothing and wide-brimmed hats and good protective sunglasses. These are some general tips to practice at home and help you have even colored, even toned skin just like the celebrities.